BIRMINGHAM


BIRMINGHAM
BIRMINGHAM, city in England. The Jewish community there is believed to have come into existence around 1730. The early Jewish settlers included peddlers who used Birmingham as a base. The first known Birmingham glass furnace was set up by Meyer Oppenheim (or Opnaim) in or about 1760. In 1783 a synagogue existed in "The Froggery." A new synagogue, constructed in Severn Street in 1809, was wrecked in the riots of 1813 along with the Nonconformist chapels but was rebuilt and enlarged in 1827. Internecine strife at this period resulted in the formation of a second congregation, but the two groups united to build the Singers Hill Synagogue, consecrated in 1856, and still in use. There were then about 700 Jews in Birmingham. The Jewish community included jewelers, merchants, and manufacturers. In the 20th century Jews were leading figures in property development and in the entertainment world. On the other hand, immigration from Eastern Europe affected Birmingham less than other large cities. Rabbis of the community included M.J. Raphall (1841–49) and George J. Emanuel (1863–1911), succeeded by abraham cohen (1913–49). To serve the East European Jews who settled in Birmingham a bet midrash was opened in 1901, which later became the Central Synagogue. The Hebrew Philanthropic Society, established in 1838, and the Board of Guardians, in 1870, were consolidated in 1926 in the Birmingham United Jewish Benevolent Board. The Birmingham Jewish Representative Council was established in 1937. About 500 German Jewish refugees settled in Birmingham in the late 1930s. Jews have played a prominent part in the civic and business life of Birmingham. Sir David Davis served as lord mayor in 1922 and 1923, as did Louis Glass in 1963–64. Birmingham, whose Jewish population numbered approximately 6,300 in 1967, had the lowest percentage of Jews of any   great city in England. By the mid-1990s the Jewish population had dropped to approximately 3,000, while the 2001 British census, which asked an optional question about the religious affiliation of respondents for the first time, found 2,340 declared Jews in Birmingham, although the actual figure was probably still about 3,000. In 2004, Birmingam had two Orthodox synagogues and a Reform temple, a sheḥitah board, and other local institutions. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Roth, Rise of Provincial Jewry (1950), 32–33; C. Gill and A. Briggs, History of Birmingham (1952). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Z. Josephs, Birmingham Jewry, 17491940 (1980); idem., Birmingham Jewry, Volume 2: More Aspects, 17401930 (1984); idem., Survivors: Jewish Refugees in Birmingham, 193345 (1988); JYB, 2004. (Sefton D. Temkin)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Birmingham, Al — Birmingham Spitzname: The Magic City Pittsburgh of the South Blick auf die Innenstadt Birminghams …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Birmingham — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la ciudad estadounidense, ver Birmingham (Alabama). Véase también: Birmingham City Football Club Birmingham …   Wikipedia Español

  • Birmingham — • One of the thirteen dioceses erected by the Apostolic Letter of Pius IX, 27 September, 1850, which restored a hierarchy to the Catholic church in England Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Birmingham     Birmingham …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Birmingham — Birmingham, AL U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 242820 Housing Units (2000): 111927 Land area (2000): 149.917793 sq. miles (388.285284 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.035043 sq. miles (5.270738 sq. km) Total area (2000): 151.952836 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Birmingham — Birmingham,   1) [ bəːmɪȖəm], zweitgrößte Stadt in Großbritannien und Kernstadt der Metropolitan County West Midlands, 965 900 Einwohner; Sitz eines katholischen Erzbischofs und eines anglikanischen Bischofs; zwei Universitäten, eine… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • BIRMINGHAM — BIRMINGHAM, city in Alabama, U.S. The city grew from the intersection of two railroads in 1871, and the discovery of   all ingredients necessary to make steel within a short radius. Jews were among the first settlers, but Jewish communal life did …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Birmingham — es una ciudad situada en el centro de Inglaterra, a unos de 160 kilómetros al noroeste de la capital, Londres. Esta considerada como la segunda ciudad más grande de Inglaterra con una población de más de 900.000 habitantes. Se desarrolló de forma …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Birmingham, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 242820 Housing Units (2000): 111927 Land area (2000): 149.917793 sq. miles (388.285284 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.035043 sq. miles (5.270738 sq. km) Total area (2000): 151.952836 sq. miles (393.556022 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Birmingham, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 423 Housing Units (2000): 204 Land area (2000): 1.051060 sq. miles (2.722232 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003364 sq. miles (0.008713 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.054424 sq. miles (2.730945 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Birmingham, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 19291 Housing Units (2000): 9700 Land area (2000): 4.776884 sq. miles (12.372073 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.012241 sq. miles (0.031705 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.789125 sq. miles (12.403778 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.